Cultivation of peas
As soon as the Kharif crops are harvested, farmers have started preparations for sowing Rabi crops. In such a situation, farmers can get good yield at low cost by cultivating scientifically. In today’s episode, we have brought you the information on pea cultivation. Pea is a pulse crop cultivated in the country on the basis of early and late varieties.
Peas can be cultivated in all types of soil. Fried loam, clay and sandy-loam soils are good for this crop. Soil pH is required for its cultivation. The value should be between 6-7.5. Also, farmers should provide good drainage for pea cultivation.
Do this to protect the pea crop from pests and diseases
Nowadays many varieties have been developed by agricultural universities which are less susceptible to many insect diseases. Therefore, farmers should adopt varieties that are resistant to insect diseases that commonly affect the crop. Besides, Trichoderma viridi 1 percent bio-fungicide (biopesticide) is given to farmers to control soil borne and seed borne diseases. w,por Trichoderma harzianum 2 percent w,p, 2.5 kg of rotted cow dung manure mixed with 60-75 kg per hectare sprinkled with light water and kept in shade for 8-10 days and mixed with the soil at the time of last cultivation can control soil borne diseases in pea seeds. This happens before sowing.
Peas can be sown at 50-60 kg per hectare for small grained varieties and 80-90 kg per hectare for large grained varieties. Farmers need to remember that there are many fungal and bacterial diseases in soil and seed that cause a lot of damage during and after seed germination. The seeds should be treated with fungicides for good seed germination and sufficient number of healthy plants. To control seed borne diseases Thiram 75 percent + Carbendazim 50 percent (2:1) 3.0 or Trichoderma 4.0 g per kg of seed should be treated after sowing.
Improved varieties of peas
The best time for sowing peas is from the end of October to 15 November and the first fortnight of October is suitable for central India. Farmers can adopt improved varieties of peas such as HFP approved for different areas and conditions. 1428, HFP 715, Punjab 89, Kota Matar 1, IFD 12-8, IFD 13-2, Can sow Pant Matar 250, Pusa Pragati and Archil varieties.
How much fertilizer should be given to peas?
Farmers should spray fertilizer based on soil test. 15-20 kg of nitrogen, 40 kg of phosphorus, 20 kg of potash and 20 kg of sulfur per hectare are sufficient for pea crop under normal conditions. 15-20 kg of zinc sulphate and 1.0-1.5 kg of ammonium molybdate should be sprayed per hectare if the soil is deficient in micronutrients.
What to do to control weeds in beans?
Proper row spacing helps a lot in controlling weed problems. One or two weedings are sufficient in peas. Irrigation should be done as required before first weeding and after second weeding. Weeding should be done 25-30 days after sowing.
Fluchloralin 45 percent EC for chemical control of weeds. 2.2 liters per hectare should be dissolved in about 800-1000 liters of water and mixed into the soil just before sowing. Pendimethalin 30 percent EC. 3.30 liters or Elachlor 50 percent EC. 4 liters of basalin per hectare or 0.75-1.0 kg of basalin should be dissolved in water and sprayed evenly with a flat fan nozzle within 2-3 days of sowing.