Sheep and goats are susceptible to various diseases, one of which is PPR disease. This deadly disease completely debilitates sheep and goats. However, sheep and goats can be protected if vaccines and drugs are used early for PPR disease. It can also be prevented.
More than half of the sheep and goats of many farmers and ranchers are often sick. In most cases it is found that PPR disease is more common among them. From PPR ‘Pandemic in goats’ or ‘goat plague’ Also known as this. Because of this, the mortality rate is usually 50 to 80 percent, which can rise to 100 percent in very severe cases. Today through this article we will tell about the diseases and prevention of sheep and goats.
You should know that PPR is a viral disease, caused by Paramyxovirus. Other domestic animals and wild animals are also affected by this disease. However, sheep and goats are among the animals most affected by the disease.
What are the symptoms of this disease in sheep and goats?
Due to this disease, sheep and goats get fever, diarrhea, mouth sores and pneumonia, which leads to their death. According to a study in India goat rearing PPR disease has caused a loss of 10,500 crore rupees in this region. PPR disease is very serious and fatal, especially in lambs, sheep and goats suffering from malnutrition and parasites. Due to this, their mouth smells bad and their lips swell. Eyes and nose become covered with sticky or stringy discharge. It is very difficult to open the eyes and breathe.
Some animals suffer from severe diarrhea and sometimes even bloody diarrhea. PPR disease can cause abortion in pregnant sheep and goats. In most cases, sick sheep and goats die within a week of infection.
Treat and control PPR disease in this way
Vaccination of sheep and goats is the only effective way to prevent PPR. Because PPR is a viral disease, there is no specific treatment. However, using drugs that control bacteria and parasites,
The death rate can be significantly reduced. Sheep and goats should be dewormed before vaccination. First, healthy goats should be kept in separate enclosures from infected sheep and goats to prevent the spread of the disease. Then the sick goat should be treated.
Antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian are used to control secondary bacterial infections of the lungs. Wounds near the eyes, nose and mouth should be cleaned thoroughly with cotton twice a day. Besides, sheep and goats get many benefits by washing mouth sores with 5% boroglycerin. Sick sheep and goats should be fed only nutritious, clean, soft, moist and palatable food. In case of outbreak, inform the nearest government animal hospital immediately through PPR. Dead sheep and goats should be completely destroyed by burning. Apart from this, it is very important to keep the goat enclosure and utensils clean.